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  » Infertility  »  Testing women in the general population, rather than testing infertile women

Uterine Polyps  

Uterine Fibroids (proper medical terminology is myoma or leiomyoma)

Intrauterine adhesions - scar tissue within the uterine cavity, also called Asherman's Syndrome. This can interfere with conception, or can increase the risk of a miscarriage.

Congenital uterine malformations , such as a bicornuate uterus, a T-shaped uterus, or a uterine septum

Luteal phase defect - an uncommon condition that involves inadequate development of the microscopic and cellular changes in the endometrial lining of the uterus after ovulation and exposure to the hormone progesterone.

Thin endometrial lining - this is also uncommon. We like to see a lining of at least 7mm in thickness when measured by ultrasound at the time of maximal thickness during the cycle (see above ultrasound images of a 9 mm lining). There is some ongoing debate as to "how thin is too thin", as well as to "how thick is too thick". In general, 8-13 mm is good, less than 6

is potentially a problem, and greater than 15 or so could possibly reduce chances for a successful pregnancy.

Hysteroscopy i s a surgical procedure that involves insertion of a narrow telescope-like instrument through the vagina and cervix into the cavity of the uterus (endometrial cavity). The cavity is then distended with fluid (such as salt water) and can be visualized through the scope.

This procedure allows us to determine whether there are any defects inside the cavity.

A uterine polyp seen (and then removed) at hysteroscopy