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  » Men's health  »  Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

There are different kinds of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is usually first diagnosed in children, teenagers, or young adults. In this form of diabetes, the immune system (the body's way to fight infection) attacks the cells that make insulin in the pancreas and destroys them. The pancreas then makes little or no insulin, and cells can't take sugar from your blood. If not diagnosed and treated with insulin, a person can lapse into a life-threatening coma. Someone with type 1 diabetes takes insulin shots or uses an insulin pump. He also needs to make wise food choices, exercise regularly, and control blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol. We don't know yet how to prevent type 1 diabetes, but you can benefit by keeping your blood sugar under control.
  • Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. People can develop it at any age-even during childhood. Type 2 diabetes begins when your body can't use insulin right (insulin resistance). There is too much sugar in your blood. At first, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by making more insulin. In time though, it can't make enough insulin. Treatment for type 2 diabetes includes taking diabetes pills, making wise food choices, exercising regularly, and controlling blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol. The good news is we now know that if you have pre-diabetes, you can reduce your risk of getting type 2 diabetes. If you have diabetes, you can prevent or delay complications.