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  » First Aid  »  Summing Up
Every capable person should know basic life-support techniques, since first-aid procedures are frequently life-saving in emergency situations. In many cases, knowing what not to do is just as important as knowing what measures to take. In addition, every family member should know how to summon emergency medical help over the phone. The numbers for the local Emergency Medical Service and poison control center should be permanently affixed to all household telephones.

As is stressed throughout the chapters on first aid, most accidents can be prevented. The checklists in chapter 15 provide a good basis for teaching safety to your family. Households with young children or older adults need extra precautions. The room-by-room survey of major safety features is designed to provide guidance for family safety within the home as well as in yards, garages, and areas outside and around the house.

This section is intended to outline the major first-aid procedures and preventive techniques. It is not intended to cover all of the hundreds of different emergency situations that may arise, but instead to give basic principles enabling readers to evaluate and cope with the most common medical emergencies. For the highest proficiency in dealing with medical emergencies, enroll in the certified CPR, water-safety, and first-aid programs available in your community.