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  » First Aid  »  Dislocations
A dislocation disrupts the normal relationship of two bones at the joint. Dislocations most commonly occur in free-moving joints, such as the jaw, shoulder, elbow, fingers, hip, knee, and ankle. A dislocation may be caused by a direct blow, hyperextension, a fall, sports injury or other accident. Torn ligaments, damaged blood vessels or nerves, and a fractured bone may also be present.

  • Pain.
  • Decreased function and deformity in the appearance of the affected joint.
  • Discoloration of the skin and swelling.

  • Check for signs of other injuries or shock and treat accordingly.
  • Splint the joint in the position in which it was found and treat as if it were fractured.
  • Improvise a sling if an arm is involved.
  • Do not attempt to correct the dislocation or force the bone back into its proper position. This may cause further injury. The person should be taken to an emergency room immediately for x-rays and treatment.