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  » Cancer: risk chart  »  Causes and risk factors of cance
TYPE OF CANCER POSSIBLE RISK FACTORS SYMPTOMS
Bladder and Kidney Cancer Exposure to chemicals such as benzidines, aniline dyes, naphthalenes, smoking, excessive consumption of caffeine and/or artificial sweeteners, a history of schistosomiasis (a tropical disease), and frequent urinary tract infections. Blood in the urine, pain and burning with urination, increased frequency of urination.
Breast Cancer First childbirth after age 35, having no children, family history of cancer, high alcohol and/or caffeine intake, high-fat diet, diabetes. intake, high-fat diet, diabetes. There is a link between sugar intake on older women and breast cancer. Estrogens and oral contraceptives have also been linked to breast cancer and uterine cancer Lump(s), thickening, and other physical changes in the breast, itching, redness, and/or soreness of the nipples not associated with breastfeeding. Go here for self breast exam.
Cervical and Uterine Cancer More than 5 complete pregnancies, first intercourse before age 18, First childbirth after age 35, having no children, family history of cancer, high alcohol and/or caffeine intake, high-fat diet, diabetes. intake, high-fat diet, diabetes. There is a link between sugar intake on older women and breast cancer. Estrogens and oral contraceptives have also been linked to breast cancer and uterine cancer. Bleeding between menstrual periods, painful menstrual periods, heavy periods.
Colon Cancer Lack of dietary fiber and calcium, polyps, family history of colon cancer, continued constipation and/or diarrhea, a build-up of toxins in the colon, a high-fat diet. Rectal bleeding, blood in the stool, changes in bowel habits (persistent diarrhea and/or constipation).
Endometrial Cancer Never having been pregnant, being past menopause, family history of cancer, diabetes, obesity, hypertension. Bleeding between menstrual periods, unusual discharge, painful menstrual periods, heavy periods.
Laryngeal Cancer Heavy smoking, alcohol consumption Persistent cough, hoarse throat
Leukemia Hereditary factors, radiation exposure, chronic viral infections Paleness, fatigue, weight loss, repeated infections, easy brusing, bone and joint pain, nosebleeds.
Lung Cancer Smoking, exposure to asbestos, nickel, chromates, or radioactive materials, chronic bronchitis, history of tuberculosis, exposure to certain chemicals such as herbicides and pesticides. A persistent cough, sputum with blood, chest pain.
Lymphoma Hereditary factors, immune system dysfunction. At least some cases are linked to a viral cause. Enlarged, rubbery lymph nodes, itching, night sweats, unexplained fever and/or weight loss.
Mouth and Throat Cancer Irritants inside th mouth, such as a broken tooth or ill-fitting or broken dentures, excessive alcohol intake, smoking and use of tobacco. A chronic ulcer of the mouth, tongue or throat that does not heal.
Ovarian Cancer Not having had children, high-fat diet Often no obvious symptoms until it is in its later stages of development.
Prostate Cancer Recurring prostate infection, history of venereal disease, diet high in animal fat, high intake of milk, meat, and/or coffee, use of male hormone testosterone in treatment of impotence, vasectomy, being over age 50. Weak or interrupted urine flow, continuous pain in the lower back, pelvis and/or upper thighs.
Skin Cancer Exposure to the sun, especially for those who have fair skin, history of moles (malignant or otherwise), moles on the feet or in areas irritated by clothing, scars from severe burns and scars or sores that won't heal, family history of skin cancer. Tumor or lump under the skin, resembling a wart or an ulceration that never heals, moles that change color or size, flat sores, lesions that look like moles.
Stomach Cancer Pernicious anemia, lack of hydrochloric acid and dietary fiber, high-fat diet, chronic gastritis, stomach polyps. Indigestion and pain after eating, weight loss.
Testicular Cancer Undecended testicle Lump(s), enlargement of a testicle, thickening of the scrotum, sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum, pain or discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotum, mild ache in the lower abdomen or groin, enlargement or tenderness of the breasts.