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  » Advice for travelers  »  British National Vaccination Schedule

This advice is based upon advice from the 'UK Joint Committee for Vaccination and Immunisation' (JCVI). The final decision on whether to receive these vaccines is dependant upon agreement between the patient, parent and the administering doctor or nurse.



At birth
  • Tuberculosis (BCG) for those with infected or previously infected family members; immigrants from countries with a high prevalence of tuberculosis and their children and infants.
  • Hepatitis B for babies born to mothers who are chronic carriers of hepatitis B virus or to mothers who have had acute hepatitis B during pregnancy plus their close family members.

2nd, 3rd and 4th months

  • Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and poliomyelitis (DTP + P).
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (HiB)
  • Meningococcal serogroup C (MenC)

12-15 months

  • Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR).

Pre-school

  • Diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis and poliomyelitis boosters (DTaP + P).
  • Measles, mumps, rubella booster (MMR).

14 years

  • Rubella (girls only). Once the cohort of children who have been immunised at 12-15 months and again pre-school reaches this age this extra dose is unlikely to be necessary.
  • Diphtheria, tetanus and poliomyelitis boosters (dT and P).

10-14 years

  • Tuberculosis (BCG) if PPD skin test negative

Adults

  • Tetanus and poliomyelitis boosters 10 yearly only for those at risk of soil contaminated wounds (tetanus), or health care workers (poliomyelitis). Travellers may warrant 10 yearly toxoid boosters when they are going to countries where post-exposure tetanus immunoglobulin will not be available.
  • It was decided as an interim measure, during the academic term for 1999-2000, to offer polysaccharide meningococcal vaccine (Serogroups A and C) to students in colleges and universities of higher education and conjugate meningococcal (serogroup C) to those at secondary school. Eventually as the new childhood vaccination schedules become established these 'catch-up' campaigns should become unnecessary.


All ages

  • Hepatitis B for those likely to be in close contact with carriers or at occupational risk e.g.. health care workers.
  • Influenza for those at risk of serious disease or complications, including travellers in these risk categories going the epidemic areas.
  • Pneumococcal for those at risk of serious disease or complications, including travellers in these risk categories going the epidemic areas.

Summary chart
 

The British Childhood Immunisation Schedule
  DPT -Hib OPV MenC MMR DT BCG Td
2 months Yes Yes Yes        
3 months Yes Yes Yes        
4 months Yes Yes Yes        
12-15 months       Yes      
3-5 years   Yes   Yes Yes    
10-14 years           Yes  
13-18 years   Yes         Yes

  • DPT/Hib (diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, haemophilus influenzae type b)
  • OPV (oral poliomyelitis vaccine)
  • MenC (meningococcal serogroup C conjugate vaccine)
  • MMR (measles, mumps, rubella)
  • DT (diphtheria/tetanus)
  • BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin) for tuberculosis
  • Td (tetanus, low dose diphtheria)