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  » Advice for travelers  »  Travel Vaccination Information

TETANUS

The bacterial spores which cause tetanus are found world-wide mainly in soil and manure. Everyone should be protected by immunisation, especially those travelling to remote areas.

Immunisation regime : Primary course x3 injections and two further Booster x1 dose at 10 yearly intervals

POLIOMYELITIS

Everyone travelling outside North and Western Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand should be protected from Poliomyelitis.

Immunisation regime : Primary course x3 doses of vaccine and Booster x1 dose at 10 yearly intervals

DIPHTHERIA

- advice to be given at time of appointment.

Immunisation regime : Primary course x3 doses and booster if nil in last 10 years

TYPHOID

Typhoid is caught through the consumption of contaminated food/water. Vaccination should be considered for areas of travel with primitive sanitation.

Immunisation regime : Primary course x1 injection and Booster x1 injection at 3 yearly intervals

HEPATITIS A

Hepatitis A is normally caught by the consumption of contaminated food/water, but can also be spread from person to person as the virus is present in faeces. Vaccination should be considered for areas of travel with primitive sanitation.

Immunisation regime : Avaxim - Primary course x2 injections. 1st injection must be given at least 4 weeks prior to travel and Booster x1 at 6 months and then 10 yearly intervals.

YELLOW FEVER

Yellow fever is transmitted from the bite of a an infected mosquito and occurs in parts of South Africa and South America. Several countries require a vaccination certificate for entry. The certificate is only valid 10 days after vaccination , therefore, the vaccination must be given at least 10 days prior to travel.

Immunisation regime : Primary course x1 injection and Booster x1 at 10 yearly intervals

MENINGITIS

Meningococcal meningitis is prevalent in some areas of Africa and Asia. Saudi Arabia requires all individuals to be vaccinated during the Hajj.

Immunisation regime : Primary course x1 injection and Booster x1 at 3 yearly intervals

JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS

Japanese Encephalitis occurs throughout Southeast Asia, mainly during the monsoon season. Vaccination is only recommended in certain circumstances for those travelling to rural areas for more than 1 month.

Immunisation regime : Primary course x3 injections (For the purpose of elective travel only 2 vaccinations are given. This gives 3 months cover)

CHOLERA

Cholera is an intestinal infection that can cause severe diarrhoea, dehydration and possibly death. It is caught by the consumption of contaminated food/water. It CAN BE avoided by scrupulous attention to food/water and personal hygiene. No country now requires cholera immunisation as an official condition of entry . However, those travelling overland and across remote borders in cholera areas (Africa, South America, Asia) may be asked unofficially. Exemption certificates can be obtained.

 

RABIES

Rabies is an acute viral infection of the nervous system, which, once symptoms develop in humans, is normally fatal. Vaccination is required by those travelling to remote areas where medical treatment is not immediately available or where they are exposed to an unusual risk of infection. It is less effective in those taking chloroquine for malaria prophyllaxis as this suppresses the antibody response to the rabies vaccine.

Immunisation regime : Primary course x3 injections (For the purpose of elective travel only 2 vaccinations are given. This gives 3 months cover)

MALARIA

Anti-malarial measures include the use of : · Anti-malarial tablets · Insect repellent containing DEET · Mosquito nets · Keep arms/legs covered after sunset

 

VACCINATIONS SHOULD BE ARRANGED AS EARLY AS POSSIBLE