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  » Baby's developmental milestones  »  Development Milestones of Motor Development, Language, and Self-Help and Play
(2 Months to 48 Months)
Development Milestones of Motor Development, Language, and Self-Help and Play
(2 Months to 48 Months)

Age in Months Gross Motor Development Fine Motor Development Language Self-Help and Play
2 Holds head in same plane as the rest of the body; raises head and maintains position; some head lag when pulled to a sitting position Able to hold rattle for short periods of time Differential cry, e.g., hunger; smiles reflexively Watches people
4 Able to lift chest from surface; looks around actively; turns head from side to side; rolls over; no head lag when pulled to a sitting position      
6 Able to rest weight on hands with extended arms when on abdomen; sits momentarily without support; reaches to be picked up Able to hold objects for longer periods, e.g., teething rings Babbles, makes imitative sounds, e.g. cough Enjoys bathtub toys, mobiles
9 Sits steadily; able to lean forward and regain balance; creeps (with abdomen off floor); moves one leg and hand, then the other; stands while holding onto an object or person Pincer grasp used to explore small objects Continues to babble; first words are usually “Dada” and “Mama” Enjoys nesting toys and stacking rings
12 Stands alone briefly; takes a few steps; walks when led byone hand Drinks from small cup; uses a spoon with some success; imitates scribbling Indicates wants by gestures or holophrases (one word sentences); says “no” and responds to “no”; vocabulary of 3 to 6 words, mostly names Enjoys putting objects in and out of containers or boxes; looks at books
15 Walks upstairs with one hand held; walks alone; climbs into adult chair; can stoop to recover objects without falling Scribbles spontaneously; uses hands to reach and grasp More understandable words, e.g., dog, yes; understands simple directions; names a few pictures Pulls toys; hugs dolls or stuffed animals; feeds self with some spilling
18 Walks fast, runs stiffly, throws ball underhanded; seats self in small chair; squats in play Transfers objects to hand at will; turns 2-3 pages at a time; strokes imitatively (imitates examiner’s motion) Uses two-word combinations, e.g., drink juice; vocabulary of about 200 words; understands simple verbal directions Enjoys push and pull toys; imitates household chores, e.g., sweeping; builds tower of 3-4 blocks
21 Walks upstairs, holding rail; walks downstairs with one hand held Handles cup well Combines 2-3 words spontaneously Builds tower of 5-6 blocks
24 Walks up and down stairs alone; jumps from low objects; throws ball overhand Turns pages of a book one at a time; imitates vertical and circular strokes with crayon and paper when demonstrated Uses 3-word sentences; refers to self by name; verbalizes immediate experiences; vocabulary of 300-400 words Explores drawers and cupboards; plays alongside other children; builds tower of 6-7 blocks
30 Walks on tiptoe (after demonstration) Holds crayon with fingers; imitates vertical and horizontal strokes Refers to self by pronoun; gives full name Can help put things away; builds tower of 8 blocks
36 Alternates feet going upstairs; pedals tricycle Imitates a cross with paper and crayon after demonstration; unbuttons clothes; copies a circle; prefers to use one hand or the other Tells sex; uses plurals; names 6-8 objects in a picture book; vocabulary of 1000+ words; understands 2 prepositions; repeats 3 numbers Feeds self without spilling; washes hands; plays catch; understand taking turns; enjoys imitation games
42 Balances on 1 foot briefly   Understands 4 prepositions (on, under, behind, beside) Plays with other children (real social interchange); washes hands and face; brushes teeth
48 Skips clumsily with 1 foot; throws ball well overhand; alternates feet going down stairs Draws simple faces; draws a “man” with 2 parts; buttons and unbuttons clothes; colors with crayons and tries to stay within lines Longer and more complex conversations; asks many questions; can describe in detail; vocabulary of about 1500 words Laces shoes; dresses self; enjoys rough and imitative play; has imaginary friends